The usage of remote-controlled devices is at its peak. The motor is indeed the most important component of any RC device. Are you looking for a motor for your RC device but don’t understand which one you should buy? 12 turn vs 20 turn motor: Which is the best? What are the differences between them? Don’t worry! Because in this article, I am going to discuss “12 turns vs. 20 turns motor”.
Some people want more speed while others look for higher endurance of the battery. But they don’t understand the differences between 12-turns motors and 20-turns motors. As a result, they can’t choose the right motor for them and get frustrated. It also wastes both money and time.
Therefore, I have come to explain “12 turns vs. 20 turns motor.” So that people can understand the differences between them. Besides, you will get answers to some frequently asked questions. So, let’s start.
Table of Contents
What does “Turn” mean in motors?
In the beginning, I want to explain the term “Turn” since most people don’t understand this term. But “turn” is a key term for motors that shapes many of the features of a motor.
The term “turn” simply refers to the number of wrapping of wire that a motor has around it. For example, a 19 turn motor means this motor has 19 rotations of a wire. The length of the wire depends on the number of turns that a motor has. The higher turn a motor has, the longer the wire will be. It will ultimately impact the overall speed, the resistance of wind, RPM, torque, and endurance of the motor.
Because a higher turn motor has many twists of wire. It enhances the length of the wire. The longer wire has greater resistance to the windings. As a result, the motor will have higher torque and less speed.
On the other hand, having a lower turn motor means the motor has fewer twists of the wire. So, the length of the wire will be shorter and the resistance of the windings from the wire will be less. Therefore, these motors will provide greater speed.
What is a 12 Turn motor?
A 12 Turn motor means it has 12 twists of a wire. Since the length of the wire is comparatively less than a 20 turn motor, the 12 T motor is less resistant to twist from the wire. It helps the motor to generate more speed. There is a reverse relationship between speed and the torque of a motor. Torque refers to the amount of force that a motor can create and calculates how much of that force is remaining when it starts. Therefore, if a motor has more speed, then it will have less torque. Besides, higher speed requires the motor to consume more current and to produce more heat. It will ultimately drain the battery of the vehicle too early.
Advantage of 12 T motor:
- The shorter wire will not hamper the speed of the vehicle.
- It will provide tons of higher speed than a 20T motor.
- The higher speed helps the vehicle to cross long distances within less time.
- Higher speed will produce more heat
- The endurance of a 12 T motor is shorter than a 20T motor
What does a 20 Turn motor mean?
A 20 Turn motor has 20 twists of a wire. Since the length of the wire is longer in this motor, the wire will be more resistant. This resistance will decrease the motor’s capacity to generate more speed. As a result, a 20 Turn motor has less speed or RPM and higher torque. But one of the plus points of this motor is that it consumes less current and remains cool for a long period. It will ultimately increase the longevity of the battery.
- A 20 Turn motor has greater longevity
- It needs less current than a 12 turn motor
- It will keep the vehicle cool after running it for a longer time
- Less speed is convenient for safe and easier driving of vehicles
- A 20 Turn motor has less speed
- It crosses a shorter distance compared to a 12 turn motor in a minute
12 turn vs. 20 turn Motor
- Resistance from the wire: A 12 turn motor uses a shorter wire than a 20 turn motor. The longer wire creates more impediments for the motor to increase its speed. Therefore, the amount of resistance from the wire will be higher in the 20 turn motor and vice versa.
- Speed: A 12 turn motor has far greater speed than a 20 turn motor
- Distance: With a 12 turn motor, you can go a long distance within a shorter time. But if you have a 20 turn motor, then you will need more time to cross that amount of distance.
- Torque: A 12 turn motor has less torque and a 20 turn motor has higher torque
- Battery endurance: A 12 turn motor ruins the battery faster. But a 20 turn motor has greater battery longevity.
12 turn vs. 20turn motor: which one is best?
It completely depends on what you want from your motor. Do you want higher speeds or slow driving for learning? If your key preference is speed, then go to a 12 turn motor. But if you want slow and easier driving, then a 20 turn motor will serve you the best.
Is a higher turn motor faster?
No, a higher turn motor provides less speed than a lower turn motor. Because the higher turn motor faces more resistance from the longer wire which lower turn motors don’t have to face. However, higher turn motors have more endurance than lower turn motors.
It is vital to know the key features of a motor before buying any vehicle. In this article, I have discussed “12 turn vs 20 turn motor” which are two of the most popular motors in the market. A 12 turns motor offers a higher speed but it reduces the endurance of the battery quickly. In contrast, a 20 turns motor offers less speed but it has greater durability to make a balance against a 12 turns motor. However, which motor will be the best will depend on one’s preference. I hope, you have found the article helpful.